Zepke, N., & Leach, L
Improving learner outcomes in lifelong education: Formal pedagogies in non‐formal learning contexts?
Zepke, N., & Leach, L. (2006). Improving learner outcomes in lifelong education: Formal pedagogies in non‐formal learning contexts? International Journal of Lifelong Education 25 (5): 507–518.
This article applies past and current research on effective formal education to effective learning in nonformal contexts. The authors define nonformal contexts as “settings where learning may not lead to formal qualifications,” which likely includes many ESL programs in English-speaking countries. The authors present a model for effective nonformal learning designed to support retention and goal attainment in four nonformal learning contexts: community development, adult literacy, workplace learning, and personal interest learning. The model contains key attributes required to support learner success: integration strategies, adequate institutional services, institutional responsiveness to diverse learner cultures, and strategies for developing learners’ critical awareness. The article is useful for practitioners and researchers who wish to better understand requirements for holistic language and literacy programming.
Adult education, ESL, literacy, community
Other interesting information
''Positive learner outcomes can be achieved where the pedagogy used attempts to meet learners' social, emotional and academic needs and aspirations by assisting them to integrate into programmes and learning organisations; provides necessary learning services; and adapts their cultures to accept and value the cultures and cultural capital brought by diverse learners.''
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Stéphanie Barillé - email@example.com